Padula Serums has been actively undertaking research to create improved treatments and diagnostics for snakebite and tick paralysis in animals. Please email if you would like a copy of any papers.
Kelly-Bosma, M., E. Leister, A. Padula, A. Schaffer-White, H. Bielefeldt-Ohmann, M. Haworth, J. Henning and R. Allavena (2021). "Pathology of Fatal Australian Black Snake (Pseudechis sp) Envenomation in Two Adult Dogs." Journal of Comparative Pathology 186: 1-6.
V Grose AM Padula EM Leister. (2021) Successful treatment of a potentially fatal eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) envenomation in a dog with tiger‐brown snake antivenom with serial quantification of venom antigen and antivenom concentrations in serum and urine. Australian Veterinary Journal 2021 (in press)
Tibballs, J., A. M. Padula, K. D. Winkel and H. D. Jackson (2020). Delayed antivenom for life-threatening tiger snake bite: Lessons learnt. Anaesth Intensive Care 2020. Sep;48(5):399-403. doi: 10.1177/0310057X20946047.
Matthew Wun, Mirrim Kelly-Bosma, Rachel Allavena, Andrew Padula and Ellie Leister. Fatal red-bellied black snake envenomation: clinical and pathological findings.Australian New Zealand College of Veterinary Scientists, Veterinary Emergency Medicine and Critical Care Chapter, Online Scientific Series, August 2020, p13.
Padula, AM. (2020). Red-bellied black snake envenomation in a dog requiring blood transfusion. Vet Practice: 9-10.
Boller, M., K. Kelers, M. A. Stevenson, K. D. Winkel, S. Hardjo, J. Heller, P. R. Judge, H. M. Ong, A. M. Padula, C. Reddrop, L. C. P. Santos, C. R. Sharp, L. Smart, K. L. Swindells, D. Tabrett and J. R. Wierenga (2020). SnakeMap: four years of experience with a national small animal snake envenomation registry. Australian Veterinary Journal. 98(9):442-448
Finney, E. R., A. M. Padula and E. M. Leister (2020). Red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) envenomation in 17 dogs: clinical signs, coagulation changes, haematological abnormalities, venom antigen levels and outcomes following treatment with a tiger-brown snake antivenom. Aust Vet J 98:319-325
Eramanis, L. M., A. Woodward, N. Courtman, D. Hughes, AM. Padula, K. D. Winkel and M. Boller (2020). Coagulation factor activity patterns of venom-induced consumption coagulopathy in naturally occurring tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) envenomed dogs treated with antivenom. Toxicon 181: 36-44.
Tick Paralysis of Dogs and Cats: An Updated Guide to Diagnosis, Management, Treatment and Prevention. Developed by the Australian Paralysis Tick Advisory Panel, 2019. Atwell R, Barker D, Barker S, Daniel J, Holland C, Leister E, Padula A, Russell H, and Webster R. Supported by Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health Australia.
Padula, A. M., E. M. Leister and R. A. Webster (2020). Tick paralysis in dogs and cats in Australia: treatment and prevention deliverables from 100 years of research. Australian Veterinary Journal, 2020. 98(1-2): p. 53-59.
Ellen Finney, Andrew Padula, Ellie Leister. (2019) Red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) envenomation in 17 dogs: diagnosis and treatment with a new tiger-brown snake antivenom. ANZCVS Vet Emerg Crit Care. Conf. Proc. p125-126
Louis Mark Eramanis, Natalie Courtman, Andrew Padula, Ken Winkel, Dez Hughes, Manu Boller. (2019) The effect of elapid snake envenomation on coagulation factor activities in dogs in the inner west of Melbourne. ANZCVS Vet Emerg Crit Care. Conf. Proc. p119-121
Turner, D., S. Winter, K. Winkel, C. MacIsaac, A. Padula and G. Braitberg (2019). Review article: Let us talk about snakebite management: A discussion on many levels. Emergency Medicine Australasia. 31(4): 542-545
Lenske, E. Padula, AM. Leister, E. Boyd, S. (2018). Severe haemolysis and spherocytosis in a dog envenomed by a red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) and successful treatment with a bivalent whole equine IgG antivenom and blood transfusion. Toxicon 151:79-83.
Padula, AM (2019). Chapter 22. Less Common Animal Snakebites and those of Uncertain Medical Significance. Critical Care in Internal Medicine & Surgery Conference, Melbourne. Proceedings No. 460. Published by Veterinary Science Conference Centre, Regimental Drive, The University of Sydney, NSW, 2006.
Leong, O. Padula, AM. Leister, E. (2018). Severe acute pulmonary haemorrhage and haemoptysis in ten dogs following eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) envenomation: clinical signs, treatment and outcomes. Toxicon 150:188-194.
Leister, E and Padula, AM (2019). Chapter 4. New Developments in the Management of Snake Envenomation and Tick Paralysis. Critical Care in Internal Medicine & Surgery Conference, Melbourne. Proceedings No. 460. Published by Veterinary Science Conference Centre, Regimental Drive, The University of Sydney, NSW, 2006.
Padula, A.M., Ong H.M., Kelers K. (2018) Snake Envenomation in Domestic Animal Species in Australia. p505-536 In: Gopalakrishnakone P., Vogel CW., Seifert S., Tambourgi D. (eds) Clinical Toxinology in Australia, Europe, and Americas. Toxinology. Springer, Dordrecht.
Padula, A.M and Leister, E (2017). Eastern brown snake (Pseudonaja textilis) envenomation in dogs and cats: clinical signs, coagulation changes, brown snake venom antigen levels and treatment with a novel caprylic acid fractionated bivalent whole IgG equine antivenom. Toxicon 138:89-97.
Padula, A.M and Leister, E (2017). Severe neurotoxicity requiring mechanical ventilation in a dog envenomed by a red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) and successful treatment with an experimental bivalent whole IgG equine antivenom. Toxicon 138:159-164.
Padula, A. M. and K. D. Winkel (2016). Antivenom production in the alpaca (Vicugna pacos): monovalent and polyvalent antivenom neutralisation of lethal and procoagulant toxins in Australian elapid venoms. Small Ruminant Research. 149: 34-39.
Padula, A. M. and K. D. Winkel (2016). Red-bellied black snake (Pseudechis porphyriacus) envenomation in the dog: diagnosis and treatment of nine cases. Toxicon. 117: 69-75.
Padula, A.M. (2016) Tick paralysis of animals in Australia. Toxinology. Clinical Toxinology. p1-20. In: Clinical Toxinology in Asia Pacific and Africa. Ed: P. Gopalakrishnakone, S.M.A. Faiz, Christeine Ariaranee Gnanathasan, Abdulrazaq Garba Habib, Ravindra Fernando, Chen-Chang Yang.
Padula, A. M. and K. D. Winkel (2016) Antivenom production in the alpaca (Vicugna pacos): physiological and antibody responses to monovalent and polyvalent immunisation with Australian elapid venoms. Small Ruminant Research. 141: 63-69.
Padula, A. M. and K. D. Winkel (2016). Fatal presumed tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) envenomation in a cat with measurement of venom and antivenom concentration. Toxicon 113: 7-10.
Padula, A. M. and K. D. Winkel (2016). Successful use of camelid (alpaca) antivenom to treat a potentially lethal tiger snake (Notechis scutatus) envenomation in a dog. Toxicon 114: 59-64.